In this section, you will be able to get acquainted with superprofessional competencies, the role of which, as a factor of success in professional activity, will increase more and more in the coming years.
In the statement of the Bologna Declaration, to which Kazakhstan joined in 2010, experts note that the world is changing radically and most of the specific knowledge that University students and College students receive is rapidly becoming obsolete. That is why the role of supra-professional competencies is increasing.
Professional competence will always occupy a special place in the assessment of a certified specialist, however, new technologies, social changes, new conditions of labor organization will require from specialists in the future qualities that go far beyond professional training. Such qualities are called cross-professional competencies. They allow you to better adapt to constant changes in the profession, work better in a team, show creativity and originality in solving business and narrow professional tasks, have a wide awareness in different areas of activity, and have a high level of intercultural communication for a successful career in the context of globalization.
Develop your professional skills that will help you become more successful in your career, regardless of what profession you choose.
Skills of artistic creativity, the ability to express feelings and emotions in figurative forms, the ability to create your own artistic images, the presence of a developed aesthetic taste.
In the future, robots and machines will replace humans in many areas. The only sphere that is not yet available to machines is the sphere of creativity. Specialists with creative skills will gain an advantage in almost all areas of business.
The emerging trend of personification and individualization of goods and services will continue to develop and the day is not far off when all goods and services will become as personalized as possible. Accordingly, the demand for new creative forms of advertising and marketing that take into account the individual characteristics of the consumer will increase
Multilingualism and multiculturalism
Multiculturalism is the preservation and development in a particular community (state or enterprise) of the cultural characteristics of the people there. Multiculturalism and multilingualism at the enterprise involves not only the consideration of national or religious cultures, but also cultures of thinking, psychotypes, communications and individual characteristics.
The modern world is becoming global at a rapid pace. Already now is no exception a company in which specialists who are born or reside in different parts of the earth work. The policy of multiculturalism and multilingualism sets the vector for the interaction of dissimilar people: not to conflict, but to recognize each other.
The changes taking place today pose new, unprecedented hitherto challenges. It is generally recognized that the most effective solutions are born at the intersection of different areas of knowledge, approaches, and cultures. The most effective teams include people with different characteristics of thinking, psychology, distribution of roles in the team. Multicultural teams will be able to find effective unusual solutions and even solve problems that still cannot be solved.
Lean manufacturing is an enterprise management concept based on the constant search, reduction or elimination of losses. Losses are understood to mean those actions, processes or operations that consume resources (human, temporary, material, etc.), but do not add value to the end or intermediate consumer.
Lean manufacturing changes the approach to managing the enterprise’s efficiency from extensive (working more and faster) to intensive (working more efficiently, that is, doing only what is necessary and not doing what can be done without).
Professionals with lean competencies will be able to increase the efficiency of departments or enterprises as a whole without attracting large investments. The relevance of lean management methods is growing because traditional management methods have already reached their peak, further business development will increasingly focus on intensive development and lean improvement methods.
Programming, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence
This area includes a variety of skills related to the development and adjustment of artificial intelligence systems, the adjustment and tuning of robots, the development of programs for controlling production processes and individual machines.
Automation and robotization rapidly penetrate into all areas, including manufacturing. It is expected that in 15-20 years, machines will replace a person in most routine operations that do not require creative skills. Therefore, the need for specialists with these skills will grow in all sectors. It is these specialists who will have to ensure the massive arrival of machines in all sectors of the economy.
Automation of production will eliminate the human factor and increase labor productivity where routine operations are present that do not require special training and creative skills. Specialists will be in demand not in the main production, but in the field of servicing and tuning machines, robots and systems that make algorithmic decisions.
Customer focus They understand customer focus as the ability to work with customer requests, the ability of the company and employees to timely determine the desires of customers in order to satisfy them with their products or services with maximum benefit. This competency has become critical to the success of companies, competition for consumers is growing all the time, and all employers want to see customer-oriented employees. In the second half of the 20th century, the concept of an internal client appeared, i.e. an intermediate consumer located further along the production chain within the same company. Possession of this competency allows you to accurately understand the client’s request and offer the most suitable solution for him, as well as to build the production and service process more rationally, eliminating the stages that are not important for the client.
Project and process management Project and process management includes the ability to focus on the project goals, the ability to competently plan and organize team actions for the effective implementation of tasks, the ability to assess existing risks and opportunities for all parties to the interaction. A specialist who has this skill knows how to properly organize the work on the project within the specified funding framework, and is able to correctly distribute the work in order to meet the deadlines set by the project. such a specialist is constantly learning something new, is not afraid to make mistakes, is able to generate new effective ways to solve problems and tasks. the demand for specialists with knowledge and tools in the field of project management will increase, as project activities are considered by companies as the most important factor in their effective development
Intersectoral communication Intersectoral communication consists in understanding technologies, processes and the market situation in various related and non-adjacent industries, cross-functional and cross-disciplinary interaction. More and more advanced products are created at the junction of different industries and specialists need the ability to understand several areas of knowledge at the same time. This competency allows you to learn faster, take the best from different fields, and through this mutual enrichment, ensure development within your field. Those with such competence can create unexpected, unique, breakthrough solutions.
Environmental thinking is focused on achieving harmony between business and the environment. A business cycle is already developing from creation to disposal of a product, and not just its sale and consumption. Environmental thinking puts health and sustainable development at the top of the list.
The importance of environmental thinking is increasing due to the fact that industrial development has reached the limit and all further models of sustainable growth of society, the economy and business should be built on the basis of mutual interests with nature, the ecosystem, its maintenance and development.
Specialists with environmental thinking skills will be able to solve such problems as: respect for resources, achieving zero emission of harmful substances into the environment, waste management and use of secondary resources
The ability of a specialist to combine (summarize) particular facts into a big picture, build hierarchical levels for understanding various situations (economic, political, business) and making long-term decisions. An important quality is the understanding of how a change in one element will subsequently affect other elements.
The importance of systemic thinking is increasing due to the acceleration of changes in life, the need to learn new professions, as well as the growing interpenetration of various areas in each other (social networks, economics, politics, production, etc.).
Specialists with systemic thinking skills will be able to solve such problems, make strong long-term decisions in the context of rapid changes in the economy, diagnose large technical and social systems, make decisions on eliminating the root causes that hinder development, and this skill will allow for the integration of various project teams into a single working organism.